Coronavirus or COVID-19 can be described as an infectious disease developed by coronavirus, raised from Wuhang, China and discovered in December, 2019. This is a contagious disease and the virus can enter the body by nose or mouth after coughing or sneezing by a diseased person.
The patients of coronavirus experience mild to moderate respiratory disorders and get healed without taking special treatment. But the corona patients of more than 50 years of age or already suffering from any health problems such as cancer, tuberculosis, diabetes, heart diseases can develop severe & serious symptoms.
The major symptoms of coronavirus include shortness of breath, headache, persistent cough, cold, sneezing, muscle aches, high fever, and difficulty in breathing.
The best method to prevent and reduce the transmission of the coronavirus is to know about this virus, how it causes and how it spreads. Wash your hands frequently by using soap and water, sanitize hands by using a sanitizer with 75% alcohol content, and cover your mouth and nose with a cloth or good quality mask.
The coronavirus mainly spreads via saliva droplets or discharge from the nose after sneezing or coughing by a corona patient.
How Coronavirus Effects The Human Health?
The health effects of coronavirus are hilarious. Cells, tissues, organs present inside the human body receive a solicitude effect by the virus. When the virus enters the body, firstly it weakens the immune system and starts to multiply in thousands. This virus has the capacity to deteriorate cell linings of the blood vessels and harm the brain, lungs and the heart. The major symptoms observed by the patient after being infected with coronavirus are:
- Shortness of breath
- Pain in chest
- Difficulty in concentration
- Muscle ache
- Disturbed sleep patterns
- Tachycardia (Fast heartbeat)
All these symptoms become worse after doing any mental or physical activity.
Effect of Coronavirus on Organs
Mainly the effect of coronavirus is observed on the lungs but along with that it also harms other body organs, including heart, and brain. This effect can stay for a long term and can interfere with the daily routine activities of the patient. Let’s see how these organs get affected:
- Heart: Imaging tests such as CT scan, X-ray, or MRI of the heart showed that the negative effect of coronavirus can stay even after months of tested negative with Coronavirus. It may give rise to the risk of heart failure, hypertension or various other heart-related ailments.
- Lungs: When the virus enters the lungs, it captures the tiny air sacs or alveoli doing the function of exchanging gases in the lungs. In result, breathing problems and damage of scar tissue can be observed for the long term.
- Brain: Not only in elders, coronavirus can also cause seizures, strokes and Guillain-Barre syndrome in the adults. Guillain-Barre is a condition mimicking paralysis but it is a temporary effect. Also the risk of being prone to Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease also increases to a great extent.
Blood Clots and Blood Vessels Disorders
The other major effect of coronavirus is on blood vessels. Coronavirus can make the blood cells stick together and lead to the formation of the clots in blood vessels. These clots can cause the blood vessels constricted and don’t allow the passage of blood in sufficient amounts. Over time, these clots can damage other body organs, reduce the heart health and make it diseased.
Difficulty with Fatigue and Mood
Spending time under intensive care unit, and underlying mechanical assistance like a ventilator to take breath are some moments to be remembered by the corona patients. Surviving under such conditions can develop post-traumatic stress syndrome later after being treated. Depression, stress, anxiety, and mood swings are also some of the mental conditions more likely to develop in patients of corona. It is also noted that people recently suffered through SARS-CoV-2 have developed chronic fatigue syndrome that further worsen the ability to do mental or physical activities.
Diseases are increasing rapidly day by day. Some diseases are less dangerous while some can spoil your health completely. Of those most dangerous and life-threatening diseases, Coronavirus is the one. The effects of this disease can also be seen even after tested negative for the virus.