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Angoor / Grapes/ Vitis vinifera

Angoor – Grapes – Medical Properties, Uses, and Health Benefits

Angoor or Grapes are the most important fruit that must-have for everyone because in Ayurveda it is also mentioned for grapes “Draksha Phalauttama” which means out of all the fruits grapes are the best fruit. When we buy grapes from the market we cannot get the sweet taste grapes only, sometimes we get more sweet and little sour or sometimes we get sourer and little sweet, etc. These are of various varieties and each variety has its effect on tridosha and our health. A glass of grapes juice or some fresh globules is mouth-watering and these are enough to lift mood and spirit. This fruit shows various health benefits.

  • Latin Name- Vitis vinifera
  • Family- Vitaceae

Names in different languages:

  • English name – Grapes, Raisin, European grape, Dry grape
  • Hindi name – Dakh, Angoor, Munakka, sakh, drakh
  • Sanskrit name – Mridvika, Draksha, Swaduphala, Charuphala
  • Urdu name – Munaqqa, Aab-e-angur
  • Punjabi name – Dakh, Angur, Munaca
  • Gujarati name – Darakh
  • Telugu name – Draksha
  • Malayalam name – Muntiri, Mridvika, Munthringya, Dhrakshai, Buaangur, Gostani
  • Kannada name – Draksi hannu, drakshi, ona drakshi
  • Marathi name – Draaksha, dakshache-jhad, Drakse
  • Tamil name – Gostanidraksha, Kodi-mun-dirrippasham, Kottai, Drakshai, Tiratcai, Kotumuntiri
  • Assamese name – Munaqqa, Dakh
  • Telangana name – Kisumisuchettu, Kottai, Gostanidraksha, Draksha, Drakshai
  • Arabian name – Mewez, Ainab, Aenab, kishmish
  • Persian name – Ab-josh
  • Spanish name – Uvas
Angoor Grapes Shloka Images

Meaning of Shloka

Synonyms of angoor are draksha, swaduphala, madhurasa, mridvika, harhoora, and gostani.

Fruit of draksha is sweet and astringent in taste and has undergoes sweet taste after digestion, cool, helpful in eye diseases, heavy, improving tone, increases the tendency of urine and stool.

Reference: Bhavaprakasha Nighnatu Page no. 573 and shloka no. 109-110)

Synonyms in the Sanskrit language:

  • Guda – It is as sweet as jaggery
  • Vrushya – Acts as aphrodisiac
  • Gostani – Resembles cow udder
  • Mrudvika – It is generally soft and raisins are called by their name
  • Madhuyoni, Madhurasa, Swaduphala – It is sweet
  • Krushna – Blackish colored
  • Bruhmani – Works as a nourishing agent
  • Charuphala, Priyala, Tapasapriya – Fruit having good looks
  • Other synonyms are – Karamardika, Kashmeerika, Harahura

Categorization according to classical books:

Acharya Charaka-

  • Kasahara – Herbs having property to relieve cough
  • Shramahara – Group of herbs that relieve tiredness
  • Virechanopaga – Herbs that aids purgation
  • Kanthya – Herbs which improves voice and soothing throat

Acharya Sushruta-

  • Parushadi gana

Acharya Vagbhatta-

  • Parushadi gana

Bhavaprakasha Nighantu-

  • Amradiphala varga (Group of herbs like mango)

Dhanvantari Nighantu-

  • Swadu Triphala – Kashmari, Dates, and Grapes
  • The second type of Swadu Triphala – Pomegranate, Grapes, and Dates

Kaiyadeva Nighantu-

  • Madyavarga – Group of herbs from which wine is prepared
  • Aushadi varga – Various groups of medicinal herbs

Morphological characteristics:

Angoor is a berries type of deciduous fruit which grows in a cluster of 15 to 300. If are kept with proper care and management grapes can liver for many years and reaches up to the length of 30 meters. Its leaves are long, green with 5 to 7 lobes that are arranged alternately on a woody stem. Fruits and flowers are grown in the cluster. Berries are 6mm in diameter and are less or more globular. Seeds are inside juicy pulp and ripen to dark purple or green.

It is native to Asia and is also found in Mediterranean regions, central Europe, and Southwestern Asia with various species. This is cultivated on every continent except Antarctica. North America is cultivating grapes mainly for commercial purposes.

Nutrients:

Various nutrients present in it are Calcium, Vitamin A, and Phosphorous. It also contains fructose and glucose according to the varieties.

Chemical constituents:

B-sitosterol, Catechin, Epicatechin, Jasmonic acid, Flavonols, Myricetin, Tannins, Quercetin, Kaempferol cyanidin, Peonidin, Flavon-3-ols, Ellagic acid, Anthocyanins, Proanthocyanidins, and Resveratrol.

Medicinal properties:

Its medicinal properties are:

  • Rasa (Taste)- Madhura (Sweet)
  • Guna (Quality)- Guru (Heavy) and Snigdha (Unctuous)
  • Veerya (Potency)- Sheeta (Cool)
  • Vipaka (Undergoes taste conversion after digestion)-Madhura (Sweet)
  • Karma (Effect on tridosha)- Balances vata and pitta dosha

Angoor Benefits:

Unripe grapes:

These are pungent and hot which causes pitta imbalance and leads to vitiation of blood

Semi ripened grapes:

These are sourer than sweet which improves taste and appetite therefore it used indigestion.

Ripened grapes:

These grapes are sweeter and less sour which relieve thirst, calms pitta dosha, and useful in bleeding disorders

Medicinal uses of Angoor:

  • Trushna – Useful in excessive thirst
  • Shwasa – Treats chronic respiratory disorders like asthma
  • Tiktasya – Bitter taste
  • Kshata – Helps to stop bleeding and treats injury
  • Madatyaya – Alcoholism
  • Kamala – Treats liver diseases like jaundice
  • Kshaya – Helps in weight loss, tuberculosis
  • Raktpitta – Treats bleeding disorders like heavy periods, nasal bleeding, etc
  • Moha – Helpful in dizziness and delusion

Uses of gostani variety of angoor:

  • It is heavy to digest and possesses aphrodisiac properties
  • Balances pitta and kapha dosha
  • Treats burning sensation and intoxication
  • Helpful in various conditions like thirst, fever, fatigue, excessive salivation, etc.

Therapeutic uses:

  • Benefits of grapes in constipation: Constipation is caused due to the alleviation of vata dosha and other factors like stress, consumption of junk foods, excessive intake of coffee or tea, sleeping late at night, etc which increases vata dosha in the large intestine and causes constipation. Grapes treats constipation because of vata balancing and sara properties. This increases smoothness in the intestine and helps in easy stool expulsion which is the main benefit of grapes in constipation.
  • High cholesterol: Seeds of angoor contain tannin which helps to lower cholesterol levels. Seeds of grapes reduce cholesterol absorption in the intestine and increase the excretion of bile.
  • Piles: In Ayurveda, piles are known as Arsha and it is caused due to unhealthy food, sedentary lifestyle, and impairment of three doshas but mainly due to vata dosha imbalance. Its imbalance causes low digestive fire and leads to constipation. Angoor can treat inflammation in the rectum due to its anti-inflammatory property and also balances vata dosha due to its madhura rasa (taste). It also has a great benefit in digestion.
  • Liver disorders: Grapes are helpful in liver damage because it shows good anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Its seeds extract protects the liver from free radicals and prevents harmful cells from damaging. Being a liver tonic, it also provides strength to the liver and keeps it healthy.

Conclusion:

From the above article, it is concluded that angoor can be used in bleeding disorders, liver diseases, gastritis, excessive thirst, weight loss, fever, etc. But avoid them with milk because, in Ayurveda, it is advised to avoid fruits having a sour taste processing with milk. These are the benefits of grapes that will help you to stay healthy.

Note: Our purpose is to serve useful information related to Angoor/grapes ’s benefits, dosage, and other properties. It is advised to the patients not to consume grapes if you are suffering from diabetes . Before taking grapes as a medicine it is better to have an expert opinion because dosage and treatment vary from patient to patient depending on their symptoms and medical history.

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About Dr. Ranjana Kaushal

Dr. Ranjana Kaushal (MD Ayurveda) has 8 years of experience in the field of Ayurveda. Right now she is working as an Ayurveda consultant with Life Aveda. She has immense knowledge about herbs, their uses, and formulations. She has published articles related to many herbs and diseases in an international journal. She is also a degree holder in yoga and naturopathy. Read More..

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