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Dhaniya / Coriander / Coriandrum Sativum

Benefits of Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum), Medicinal Uses, Dosage, and Side Effects

Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum) also known as coriander And Indian culinary and has been mentioned in various ancient scriptures. In India, it is one of the main ingredients in the kitchen. Its seeds and fresh leaves are an integral part of Indian dietetics.

The leaves are used for garnishing various food items and ever a significant effect on digestion. It still adds a pleasant aroma to the meats and has popularity in meat dishes from India to Morocco. In Ayurveda, it is used to prevent infection in wounds and a cold infusion of dried seeds flash is out to heat from the urinary system.

Botanical name- Coriandrum sativum

Family- Apiaceae


Shloka on  Dhaniya / Coriander / Coriandrum Sativum
Meaning of this shloka

This is shloka means that Synonyms of the dhaniya are Dhanyak, dhanak, dhanya, dhana, dhaneyak, kunti, dhenuka, chattra, kustumbaru, and vitunnak.

This herb is astringent, unctuous, diuretic, light, Bitter and pungent taste, Hot potency, digestive, increases digestive fire, treats fever, indigestion, purgative, undergoes sweet taste after digestion, balances Tridosha, thirst, burn, vomiting, asthma, cough, weakness and worm infestation. Raw Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum) has the same qualities as that of dhaniya but it is sweet and mainly balances pitta dosha.

(Reference- Bhavaprakasha nighantu- haritkyadi varga, page no. 33 and shloka no. 86-88)

Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum) Names in different languages

  • Hindi name- Dhanya, Dhania
  • Sanskrit name – Dhanika, Dhania Vitunnaka, Dhanyaka
  • English name- Chinese parsley, Collender, and Coriander
  • Punjabi name- Dhania
  • Telagu name- Dhaniyalu
  • Bengali name- Dhania, Dhane
  • Marathi name- Kothimbir, Dhaue
  • Kashmiri name- Dhanawal, Dhaniwal
  • Kannada name- Kitthambari
  • Tamil name- Viral dhania, Kottamalli
  • Gujarati name- Dhana
  • Malayalam name- Malli, Kothambalari, Kothambala

Synonyms in the Sanskrit language

  • Dhanyaka- Its seeds resemble grains (dhanya)
  • Chatra- Its inflorescence resembles an umbrella
  • Kustumburu- It helps to treat diseases
  • Vitunnaka- It helps to relieve pain.
  • Hrudyagandha- it has a pleasant smell
  • Other synonyms are Veshanagra, Kunati, dhenaka

Morphological characteristics of Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum)

Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum) is an annual plant but can grow in summer or winter according to the conditions. This herb rose to the height of 2 feet and spreads around up to 9 inches. The roots of this herb are pale brown with a taproot system. Its stem is sympodial and has monochasial Branches. Its branches show the effect of inflorescence and the stamp is green but due to the season of flowers, it turns red to Violet.

The leaves are alternate and gather in the form of a rosette. Flowers in the plant start with the first umbel and in every umbellet. The peripheral flower is the first one that firstly proliferates. The flowers are pink and sometimes white. Petals are 5 in number and peripheral flowers are east metric and central flowers are circular.


Dhaniya is native to Eastern Europe, central, Italy, and Mediterranean areas like Morocco and Egypt. It is found in other countries like England, Bangladesh, India, and China. Ukraine is one of the major producing countries of its essential oil. In India, it is grown in Punjab, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Karnataka, and Bihar.

Chemical Constituents

β –Sitosterol, coriandrinonediol, quercetin – 3 – 0 – caffeoyl – glycosides, kaempferol 3 – glucoside, flavoid glycosides, octadecenoic acid(seed), α- pinene, limonene, b-phellandrene, D – Mannitol, elemol methylheptenone, 1,8-cineole, linalool, borneol, b-caryophyllene, geraniol, thymol, citronellol, linalyl acetate, caryophyllene oxide, seed oil- umbelliferone, scopoletin, vitamin C, oxalic acids, carotene and calcium (leaves), and caffeic acids, chlorogenic, rutin,tricosanol, psoralen, butylphthalides-neoenidilide, quercitin, Z-ligustilide, anagelicin, aflatoxins, and coriandrones C to E.

Categorization according to Classical books

According to Acharya Charaka
  • Trishnaprashamana- herbs that help to relieve excessive thirst
  • Sheetaprashamana- Herbs that relieve excessive cold
According to Acharya Sushruta
  • Guduchayadi Varga
According to Acharya Vagbhatt
  • Guduchyadi Varga
According to Dhavantari Nighantu
  • Shatapushpadi Varga
  • Bhavaprakasha Nighantu- Hareetakyadi varga
According to Priyanighantu
  • Shatpushapdi Varga
According to Nighantu Adarsha
  • Jeerakadi Varga
According to Kaiyadeva Nighantu
  • Aushadi varga

Medicinal properties of Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum)

  • Rasa (Taste)- Tikta(Bitter) and Kashaya (Astringent)
  • Guna (Quality)- Snigdha (Unctuous) and Laghu (Light)
  • Veerya (Potency)- Ushna (Hot)
  • Vipaka (Undergoes taste conversion after digestion) – Madhura (Sweet)

Effect on tridosha- this her balance is all the 3 doshas i.e., vata, pitta and Kapha.

Medicinal uses as per Ayurveda

  • Avrushya- does not show aphrodisiac properties.
  • Mutrala- works as a diuretic that increases urine volume.
  • Deepana- improves digestion fire.
  • Jvaraghna- Helps to treat fever.
  • Rochana- Improves taste and works in anorexia.
  • Grahi- Useful in malabsorption syndrome and works in diarrhea.
  • Daurgandhya nashana- Treats bad breath.
  • Hrudya– Works as a cardiac tonic.

Therapeutic uses of Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum)


In indigestion, Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum) works as an excellent Remedy for enhancing the digestion process. Its leaves and seeds help to treat flatulence and abdominal bloating. Being a great appetizer, it also helps to digest food and prevents the body from ama i.e., toxins. The linalool present in it helps in maintaining the digestion process.

Urinary disorders

In urinary tract disorders, it works as a diuretic which increases the frequency and volume of urination and flushes out toxins from the body.

Diabetes mellitus

Dhaniya helps to control blood sugar levels and stimulate the endocrine gland increasing insulin secretion. Because of this process, there is a proper breakdown of sugar in the body which controls diabetes.

Blood pressure

Patients who are suffering from high blood pressure should consume Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum) because it reduces blood pressure and maintains its level which reduces the chances of a heart attack.


The chemical constituents like linoleic acid and cineole Work as an anti-inflammatory that reduces inflammation in patients who are suffering from arthritis and other joint-related disorders. This herb maintains the proper movement of the Joints by reducing pain and inflammation.

Part used

Leaves, fruits, and whole plant

Dosage of Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum)

  • 3 to 6 grams (Powder)
  • 10 to 30 ml (Cold infusion)
Side effects

There are no such side effects seen in patients who are taking Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum) for various disorders.


From this article, it is concluded that dhaniya can be used in treating fever, excessive thirst, cough, cold, vomiting, etc. It works as a great cardiotonic, digestive, and diuretic.

Some FAQs related to Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum)

Ques: Which part of dhaniya works in indigestion?

Seeds and leaves of Dhaniya/ Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum) work as digestive and treat indigestion.

Ques : What is the dose of dhaniya Fruit powder?

Its fruit powder can be taken in a dose of 3 to 6 grams.

Ques: What are the contraindications of Dhaniya?

There are no contraindications of this herb.

Note: Our purpose is to serve useful information related to Corianderbenefits, dosage, and other properties. It is advised to the patients not to consume this on the basis of this information. Before taking it as a medicine, it is better to have an expert opinion because dosage and treatment vary from patient to patient depending on their symptoms and medical history.

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About Dr. Ranjana Kaushal

Dr. Ranjana Kaushal (MD Ayurveda) has 11 years of experience in the field of Ayurveda. Right now she is working as an Ayurveda consultant with Life Aveda. She has immense knowledge about herbs, their uses, and formulations. She has published articles related to many herbs and diseases in an international journal. She is also a degree holder in yoga and naturopathy. Read More..

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