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Danti/ Red Physic Nut / Baliospermum Montanum

Benefits of Danti (Baliospermum Montanum), Medicinal Uses, Dosage, and Side Effects

Danti (Baliospermum Montanum) is a shade-loving plant that grows in the humid climate and is Spotted everywhere from Khasi hills to Kashmir and other parts of India. The other names of danti (Baliospermum Montanum) are Wild croton, read psychic nut, Wild Castor, and wild Sultan seeds. This herb has been traditionally used for the management of various diseases due to its several medicinal values. All parts of this plant are used as medicine because of the pharmacological effects. As per Ayurveda, its roots are toxic so they are used after purification for medicinal purposes.

Botanical name- Baliospermum Montanum

Family- Euphorbiaceae


Danti Shloka

Danti (Baliospermum Montanum) Meaning of this shloka

It means that synonyms of danti are laghudanti, vishlya, udumbarparni, erandaphala, shighra, shyenghanta, ghunpriya, varahangi, nikumbh, and makulak. It is sweet and pungent,  purgative, increases digestive fire, piercing, hot potency, and treats piles, pain, stones, blood disorders, itching, skin diseases, burns, pacifies pitta and rakta, kapha, abdominal diseases and worm infestation.

(Reference- Bhavaprakasha nighantu- guduchyadi varga- pg. no. 385 and shloka no. 197-200)

Danti (Baliospermum Montanum) Names in different languages

  • English name- Wild castor, Red physic nut, Wild croton
  • Hindi name- Hakum, Hakun, Danti
  • Malayalam name- Danti, Nagadanti
  • Bengali name- Hakun, Danti
  • Marathi name- Danti
  • Telugu name- Kanakapata, Ettadungida
  • Tamil name- Niradimutta, Kattamaraku
  • Gujarati name- Jamalgota, Dantimul
  • Oriya name- Donti
  • Malayalam name- Dantika, Nagadanti, Katalavanakku
  • Persian name- Bedanjirekhatai
  • Arabic name- Habbussalantinebarri
  • Burma name- Natcho

Danti (Baliospermum Montanum) Synonyms in the Sanskrit language

  • Udumbaraparni- As its leaves resemble those of Udumbara (Ficus racemosa)
  • Danti, Hastidanti- Because its root resembles elephant tusk
  • Sheeghra- This plant spreads in the body fastly
  • Erandaphala- As its fruit resembles castor fruit
  • Ghunapriya- The roots of this plant are usually infested with fungus
  • Upachitra- It has mottled seeds
  • Vishodhani- Its root induces purgation and diarrhoea
  • Other synonyms are- Pratyak shreni, Mukoolaka, Nikumbha, and Varahangi

Categorization According to classical books

According to-

Acharya Charaka- Bhedaniya (herbs that are useful in purgation)

Acharya Sushrut- Shyamadi and Adhobhaghara (Herbs that are used in virechana therapy i.e. Elimination of morbid toxins from the rectum.

Acharya Vagbhatt- Shyamadi

Morphological characteristics

Danti (Baliospermum Montanum) Is a shrub that grows up to the height of 1.8 m and whose branches are herbaceous that are arising from the roots. The upper branches of this plant bear small lanceolate leaves and the lower branches possess 3 to 5 lobed, Simple, and sinuate toothed leaves. Its flowers are numerous, unisexual, and arranged in axillary racemes. The calyx of this plant is long, round, membranous, and has 5 to 6 disc glands. The female flowers are Harry and ovide with lanceolate sepals. Its fruit is 3 lobed capsules with seeds inside it that are smooth and have oily endosperms. These flowers bloom in January and February and after one-month fruits appear.


Danti (Baliospermum Montanum) is found throughout the sub-Himalayan tracks from Khasi hills to Kashmir, Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, etc. It is also native to tropical and subtropical Himalayas and in various southern parts of India.

Major Chemical Constituents of Danti (Baliospermum Montanum)

Montanin, Baliopermin and Axillarenic acid.

Medicinal Properties

  • Rasa (Taste)- Katu (Pungent)
  • Guna (Quality)- Teekshna (Piercing), Guru (Heavy)
  • Veerya (Potency)- Ushna (Hot)
  • Vipaka (Undergoes taste conversion after digestion)- Katu (Pungent)
  • Effect on tridosha- Balances Pitta and Kapha dosha
  • Prabhava- Purgation

Medicinal uses as per Ayurveda

  • Vikashi- Its excessive dose can cause loosening of joints and intoxication
  • Ashukari- Due to its active ingredients, it spreads rapidly in the body
  • Kaphahara- helps to balance the vitiated Kapha and treats productive cough, asthma
  • Krumihara- works in worm infestation and infected wounds
  • Udara- treats ascites
  • Arshoghna- helps to treat hemorrhoids
  • Kushtahara– treats skin disorders
  • Ashmarihara– treats urinary stones
  • Shoolahara – relieves abdominal colic pain
  • Deepana– increases digestive fire
  • Pachana– works as digestant
  • Shodhana– works as a cleansing agent
  • Vatahara– treats disorders of Vata Dosha imbalance like neuralgia, constipation, paralysis, bloating, etc.

Therapeutic uses of Danti (Baliospermum Montanum)


In Ayurveda, Danti is caused due to unhealthy diet and lifestyle which leads to the imbalance of all the three doshas ie., vata, pitta, and Kapha in the body. The aggravated vata dosha in the body causes low digestive fire and leads to constipation. As this herb works as an anti-inflammatory that relieves inflammation as well as swelling in the veins of the rectum that leads to piles. Being a laxative, it manages Constipation and helps in the easy passage of stool from the rectum.


Constipation is caused due to aggravated vata as well as pitta dosha. Due to the intake of excessive tea or coffee, junk food, sleeping late at night, depression, anxiety, stress, etc. The roots of this herb work as a purgative that manages Constipation and expels out the waste product easily.

Intestinal worms

Intestinal worms are encouraged due to low digestive fire and indigestion which leads to the accumulation of undigested food in the stomach. Being an appetizer, it helps to improve the digestive fire and kills or stops the growth of worms in the intestine. Due to its digestive and appetizer property, it also helps to digest the food easily by increasing digestive fire. As an anti-worm, it also controls the worm’s growth and keeps the intestine healthy.

Part used- leaves, roots, seeds, seed oil


125-250 mg (seed powder)

1 to 3 grams (root powder)

2 to 5 drops (seed oil)

Side effects Danti (Baliospermum Montanum)

Its overdose or excessive dose can cause nausea, diarrhea, and pain in the body. It is contraindicated during pregnancy, lactation and in small children so should be taken under the doctor’s guidance.


From this article, it is concluded that Danti (Baliospermum Montanum) shows anti-inflammatory, appetizer, and purgative properties. It shows good results in cases of Constipation, swelling, skin disorders, burning sensation, etc. But its overdose may cause diarrhea and nausea. It is not indicated in pregnancy, lactating mothers, and small children.

Some FAQs Danti (Baliospermum Montanum)

Ques: What are the side effects of danti?

If we take this herb in excess then it can cause pain, nausea, and diarrhea.

Ques: In which condition Danti Is contraindicated?

It is contraindicated during pregnancy, lactation, and in small children.

Ques: What are the medicinal uses of danti?

Danti can be used in the case of piles. Constipation, Indigestion, skin disorders, swelling, intestinal worms, etc.

Ques: In what dose we can use its seed and root powder?

Its seed powder can be used in the dose of 125 to 250 mg and root powder in the dose of 1 to 3 grams.

Note: Our purpose is to serve useful information related to Danti’s benefits, dosage, and other properties. It is advised to the patients not to consume it on the basis of this information. Before taking this as a medicine it is better to have an expert opinion because dosage and treatment vary from patient to patient depending on their symptoms and medical history.

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About Dr. Ranjana Kaushal

Dr. Ranjana Kaushal (MD Ayurveda) has 11 years of experience in the field of Ayurveda. Right now she is working as an Ayurveda consultant with Life Aveda. She has immense knowledge about herbs, their uses, and formulations. She has published articles related to many herbs and diseases in an international journal. She is also a degree holder in yoga and naturopathy. Read More..

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