Benefits of Changeri (Oxalis corniculata), medicinal uses, dosage, and side effects
Changeri (Oxalis corniculata) is a medicinal plant with a sour taste. The common names of this herb are Creeping wood sorrel, Procumbent yellow, Indian penny wood, Creeping oxalis, etc. It shows good results in treating liver and stomach-related disorders. Its flowers are sour due to the presence of calcium oxalate and oxalic acid. The leaves of this herb are bitter and astringent in taste. Its self-pollinating flowers can grow fast in open areas but in countries like Canada, it is used as weed for glasshouses. It is edible and used as salad.
Botanical name- Oxalis corniculata
Meaning of Shloka
This shloka means that synonyms of Changeri are Changeri, Chukrika, Dantshatha, Ambashtha, Amallonika, Ashmantak, Shafri, Kushali, and Amalpatrak. It is sour in taste and works as a stimulant, appetizer, and increases pitta dosha because of its hot potency. It helps to alleviate kapha and vata dosha and treats abdominal tumors, diarrhea, dysentery, piles, and tumors.
(Reference- Bhavaprakash nighantu- shaak varga- page no. 658 and shloka no. 23-24)
Changeri Names in different languages
- English name – Creeping lady’s sorrel, creeping wood sorrel, Creeping oxalis, Procumbent yellow sorrel, and Yellowwood sorrel
- Hindi name- Changeri, Amrul, Teen Pattia
- Urdu name- Changeri, Teen patiya
- Kannada name – Sivargee, Pullamouradi
- Guajarati name – Changeri, Ambolee
- Bengali name – Amrul
- Malayalam – Pulliparel
- Telugu name – Pulichinta
- Marathi name- Ambatee, Ambutee
- Tamil name – Paliakiri
- Arabic name – Hamdi
- French name – Oxalls cornicluee, Alleluia
- Italian name -Ossalide corniculata
- Nepalese name – Caremalaa
- German name- Gehornter sauerklee, Gelber saurerklee,
- Portuguese name- Erva-azedo, Azedinha
- Spanish name – Vinagrera, Acederilla
- Sweden name – Krpoxalis
- Brazil name – Trevo-azedo
- Chinese name – Cu-jiang-cao
- Turkish name – Eksi yonca
- Fiji name – Matakonikoni
- Philippines name – Kanapa, Salamagi
Categorization according to classical books
Acharya Charaka- Shaak varga
Acharya Sushruta and Vagbhatta- Shaak varga
Changeri (Oxalis Corniculata) is a perennial plant having primary slender roots. It is a slow-growing creeping weed mainly found in wasteland, gardens, and roadside. This herb grows up to the height of 30 cm whose stem is creeping and narrow about 40 cm in length. Its branches are erect and creeping.
The roots are fibrous covered with small hairs. The leaflets are three in number and heart-shaped that is joined to a long petiole. Leaves are 4 to 12 mm long and flowers are yellow and found in clusters of 1 to 6 petals. Its fruits are long and cylindrical and its seeds are egg-shaped and rough with dark red. Flowers bloom from July to December.
Changeri (Oxalis Corniculata) is found in South Europe and tropical regions of America. It is also grown in countries like Japan, China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Taiwan, India, etc. In India, it is found in wastelands, mountains, Gardens, Grasslands, roadsides, etc.
Medicinal properties of Changeri (Oxalis Corniculata)
- Rasa – Amla (Sour) and Kashaya (Astringent)
- Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light) and Rooksha (dryness)
- Vipaka (undergoes taste conversion after digestion)- Amla (sour)
- Veerya (Potency)- Ushna (Hot)
Uses as per Ayurveda of Changeri (Oxalis Corniculata)
- Grahini – works as absorbent.
- Grahani- Helps to treat malabsorption syndrome
- Arsha- treats piles
- Agnideepani- Boosts digestion fire
- Ushnaveerya- It is of hot potency
- Kaphavatamarut – Treats kapha and Vata disorders
- Pittakrut- It increases Pitta dosha
- Kinchit Kashaya- it is slightly astringent
- Saamavate Hita- helps to treat rheumatoid arthritis
- Kushtanashani– helps to treat skin diseases
- Kaphahita- treats Kapha disorders
- Atisara Hanti– used in treating diarrhea
Therapeutic uses of Changeri (Oxalis Corniculata)
Changeri (Oxalis Corniculata) plays a major role in skin disorders due to the presence of antioxidants in it that is highly effective in eliminating harmful pre radicals from the body which cause infection. The antipruritic action of this herb alleviates itching sensation due to psoriasis, eczema, scabies, sunburn, etc. The bioactive compounds in it not only prevent warm infestation but also improve the healing process.
In piles, it shows hemostatic action that places a great role in treating files by providing a cooling and calming effect to the affected area. You can take its leaf powder and mix it with buttermilk.
Changeri (Oxalis Corniculata) reduces the cortisol level which is a stress hormone and reduces stress and improves the quality duration of sleep. This herb calms the mind and works as a nerve tonic that provides strength to the nerves.
Thanks to the carminative property of Changeri it has to break down the food particles in the stomach and increases the secretion of digestive juices which boosts up the absorption of nutrients through the intestine. It shows good results in various gastrointestinal disorders like heartburn, diarrhea, flatulence, constipation, etc.
Dysentery and diarrhea
The leaves of Changeri (Oxalis Corniculata) have anti-microbial properties which help to remove or kill microbes from the intestine that causes intestinal disorders like diarrhea and dysentery. This herb not only eliminates toxins from the body and their by reduces the frequency of stools. It is highly effective against Entamoeba histolytica which causes bacillary dysentery.
Being a natural digestive and appetizer, it has to improve appetite and aid in the proper digestion of food. It also increases the desire for food and maintains mental health by working as a nervine tonic.
In halitosis or bad breath, its leaves what as antimicrobial and antiseptic that prevent the growth of microbes that causes infection. This herb not only treats bad breath but also prevents gingivitis, bleeding gums, swelling in the gums, etc. You can eat 3 to 4 leaves to eliminate bad breath from the mouth.
Leaf and Flower
15 to 30 ml (Decoction)
Side effects Changeri (Oxalis Corniculata)
As Changeri is quite beneficial in proper dose but excessive use can inhibit the calcium absorption in the body. The oxalic acid present in it binds up with the supply of calcium to the body leading to nutritional deficiency. Those who are suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, urinary tract disorders, high cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, gout, etc. should avoid the use of changeri.
From this article, it is concluded that changeri is highly beneficial in treating disorders like digestion, diarrhea, dysentery, insomnia, and bad breath. It has great medicinal values but should take in the proper dose as advised by your doctor.
Some FAQs Releated to Changeri (Oxalis Corniculata)
Ques: How does Changeri work in bad breath?
Bad breath changeri prevents the growth or kills microbes that cause infection in the throat.
Ques : Which part of changeri is used as medicine?
Flowers and leaves of changeri are useful.
Ques: What are the side effects of Changeri?
Its excessive dosage can cause nutritional deficiency due to the presence of oxalic acid that binds up the supply of calcium. It is contraindicated in diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, gout, etc.
Note: Our purpose is to serve useful information related to changeri ‘s benefits, dosage, and other properties. It is advised to the patients not to consume changeri on the basis of this information. Before taking changeri as a medicine it is better to have an expert opinion because dosage and treatment vary from patient to patient depending on their symptoms and medical history.
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