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Brahmi / Bacopa Monniera

Benefits of Brahmi plant, Medicinal Uses, Dosage, and Side Effects

The Health Benefits of Brahmi is known to every Ayurvedic expert. Brahmi is one of the most powerful and oldest brain tonic that has been used in Ayurveda for ages to treat various brain-related disorders and promotes intelligence.

Brahmi word is derived from the name of Lord Brahma and Goddess Saraswati which enhances the memory.

It was described in various old textbooks around the 6th century AD-like Atharva-Veda, Charaka Samhita, and Sushruta Samhita under medhya rasayan. People who are suffering from chest congestion, bronchitis, cold, and mucus problem get treated by its leaf tea.

Ayurveda’s most precious gift for humankind to enhance memory power.

General Information of Brahmi

Botanical nameBacopa monniera

Family– Scrophulariaceae

Brahmi Names in different languages:

  • Hindi name- Jalanima/Barmi
  • English name- Herb of grace, Thyme-leaved gratiola, Water hyssop, Herb of grace, Indian Pennywort
  • Tamil name- Neera Brahmi
  • Marathi name- Ghola
  • Telugu name- Sambarenu
  • Bengali name- Birami
  • Kannada name- Jala Brahmi

Names of Brahmi in the Sanskrit language:

  • Saraswati/Saraswata- It is named after the name of Goddess Saraswati- deity for learning. This is because of the herb used in improving intelligence and learning skills.
  • Brahmi- It is derived from the word Brahman which is the creator of the universe.
  • Aindri or Endri- It improves strength and mostly grows in moist places.
  • Other synonyms are Somvalli, Kapotavega, Matsyakshi, and Kapotavega

Categorization according to classical books:

According to-

Acharya Charaka-

Balya- Group of herbs which increases immunity and strength

Prajasthapana- Herbs that are used in stabilizing pregnancy

Morphological characteristics:

Brahmi is a perennial, soft and non-aromatic herb that has succulent leaves. The branches of this herb are numerous which grows in marshy places. It grows up to the height of 6 inches and branches creep horizontally to cover the ground. Leaves grow in clusters of two to three alternately that are placed on the hairy stem. Its flowers are actinomorphic, small, and are purplish white. The petals are 4 to 5 in number and they can grow in water that’s why it is called a water aquarium plant.

It is found in wetlands of southern India and is also native to Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, North and South America. It is also distributed in Marshy areas of Taiwan, Vietnam, Pakistan, and Nepal.


Brahmi is also related to Gotu Kola because it has similar qualities to that of Gotu Kola Gotu Kola is also known as Manduka Parni. But Brahmi is better than Gotu Kola so it has various medicinal uses.

Chemical constituents present in it:

Alanine, Monnierin (Saponin), Ascorbic acid, Herpestine, Nicotinic acid, Brahmine, Hersaponin, Hentri-acontane, Octacosane, Bacogensis A1-A4, B- Sitosterol, and Bacosid A & B

Medicinal properties in Brahmi

Rasa (Taste)- Tikta (Bitter) and Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna (Qualities)- Laghu (light)

Veerya (Potency)- Sheeta (Cold)

Vipaka (Undergoes taste conversion after digestion)- Madhura (Sweet)

Karma (Effect on tridosha)- Balances vata and pitta dosha

Prabhava (Action)- Medhya (Improves intelligence)

Health Benefits of Brahmi plant:

  1. Javahara- It is used to treat fever
  2. Shophahara- Works as a good anti-inflammatory herb
  3. Deepani- It increases digestive power
  4. Panduhara- Used in treating Anemia
  5. Kushtahara- Treats skin diseases
  6. Pleeha- Treats spleen disorders
  7. Kandughna- Used in pruritis and itching
  8. Medha- Improves intelligence
  9. Vayasthapani- Improves life quality
  10. Hrudya- Works as a cardiac tonic and is good for the heart
  11. Meha- Treats urinary tract diseases and diabetes mellitus
  12. Vak- Helps in improving speech and speech-related development problems in small children
  13. Madhumehahara- It is useful in maintaining blood sugar levels
  14. Vishahara- Works as a natural detoxifier and is used in the poisoning
  15. Kasajit- treats cold and cough

What are the Ayurvedic benefits of the Brahmi plant?

Anxiety: Brahmo works as a natural anxiolytic herb that reduces the symptoms of anxiety and mental fatigue and also increases memory span. Being an anti-inflammatory, it reduces neuroinflammation which is the main cause of anxiety. It also balances vata dosha and provides a calming effect on the nervous system.

Epilepsy: In epilepsy, Brahmi works as an antioxidant that protects the damage of brain cells caused by free radicals naturally. During the attack, there is a reduction in the activity and production of certain genes as well as proteins. As per Ayurveda, it balances all three doshas and reduces the episodes of seizures. It also maintains the healthy functioning of the brain because of its medhya property.

Asthma: Brahmi has an anti-asthmatic property that relaxes the respiratory tract and manages various allergic conditions. According to Ayurveda, it balances Vata and Kapha dosha and removes excess mucus from the lungs, and removes obstruction in the respiratory tract.

Pain: Being an analgesic and anti-inflammatory, Brahmi works in managing pain that is caused by any nerve damage or injury. It also works by blocking the detection of pain by nerve cells and hence reduces pain.

Depression: Brahmi works as a nerve tonic that calms down the nerve cells that cause depression. This herb promotes mental health and improves memory. As per Ayurveda, it balances Vata dosha which governs bodily functions. Its medhya property improves intelligence.

These are the Brahmi Ayurvedic medicine benefits.

Brahmi is a magical herb that helps in developing memory, intelligence, and concentration of the mind. Brahmi promotes the healthy functioning of the nervous system which improves mental clarity, retention, and focus. It is a wonderful herb that rejuvenates the whole body and calms down anxiety, stress, and mood swings.

Buy Now: Best Brahmi Ayurvedic Medicine

Is there any side effect of Brahmi?

Brahmi is to be avoided in patients with low heart rate conditions (Bradycardia). It works as a digestive which and it is not tolerable with people having stomach ulcers. So take it will ghee to avoid any kind of side effect.

Brahmi leaves advantages:

Brahmi leaves are useful in treating IBS (Irritable bowel syndrome), Anxiety, Alzheimer’s disease, dizziness, nerve weakness, attention deficit- hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and various allergic conditions.


Fresh juice- 10 to 20 ml

Powder- 2 to 3 grams

Capsule- 250 to 500mg

Juice of leaves- 5ml once or twice in a day

Part used:

Whole plant


From this article, it is concluded that Brahmi has various medicinal values but is mainly used in stress and anxiety. So consult your doctor before using it.

About Dr. Ranjana Kaushal

Dr. Ranjana Kaushal (MD Ayurveda) has 11 years of experience in the field of Ayurveda. Right now she is working as an Ayurveda consultant with Life Aveda. She has immense knowledge about herbs, their uses, and formulations. She has published articles related to many herbs and diseases in an international journal. She is also a degree holder in yoga and naturopathy. Read More..

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